Type 2 diabetes is a condition in which the cells stops responding to insulin. This condition is known as insulin resistance. In a person with diabetes, insulin is either absent or does not work properly. This disrupts the body’s ability to use carbohydrates effectively & in turn causes sugars to be high in the blood. Many people with type-2 diabetes are overweight.
Carbohydrates are the foods that often have the biggest impact on your blood sugar levels. Our meal usually consists of 80% carbohydrates and other necessary ingredients like fats, protein, vitamins & minerals. If the person eats a high carb meal, it can lead to spike in the blood glucose. The body breaks down starches and sugars into glucose. Food like white breads, cereals, grains, rice, whole pulses are high in carbohydrates. The body absorbs the carbs and converts them to glucose quickly which leads to an increase in blood sugar levels.
The key to diabetes management is mainly limit the carbohydrate intake in the diet. The goal of the ketogenic diet is to severely restrict carbohydrates and thereby reducing the need for insulin. It forces the body to breakdown fats for energy and has the potential to decrease blood glucose levels.
The foods that are low in carbohydrates and rich source of fibre helps keep your blood sugar level stable. Dietary fibres reduces the rate of absorption of sugar and also reduces the glycaemic index of food, thereby helps in managing blood sugar levels. People with type-2 diabetes should try to develop a diet plan in which 10% of calories come from carbs, 20% come from protein & 70% come from fat. Fats cannot be broken down or converted into glucose and does not require insulin to get into cells to be used for energy. You can get various keto products ranging from keto flours to keto cookies which helps in diabetes management and also helps to lose the excess body weight.
Anyone who are on medication or taking drugs should consult to a doctor first before making the changes in the diet. As sometimes switching to a low carb diet & taking medications can lead to hypoglycaemia in which your blood sugar levels falls below normal.